Nigeria has vast coastal and marine resources along its south edge. The coastal area of the country is known as one of the highly productive areas of the world. However, this coastal zone is often perceived as a zone of multiple vulnerabilities, environmental destruction and pollution. Manmade Hazards like ship breaking yard has now made it more vulnerable. Unregulated Ship breaking in Nigerian coast has increased without proper monitoring in the last two decades. Ship breaking activity is increasing day by day due to lack of environmental regulations. This causes huge physicochemical and biological degradation of coastal environment. In the last two decades, the land destruction has doubled. Aerial information from temporal Landsat imagery showed that, negatively impacted coastal area increased by 308.7% from 367 ha (1989) to 1133 ha (2010) like a growing cancerous tumour in Nigerian coast. Nigeria is one of the largest deltas in the world, with a coastline of about 853 kilometres long. This coastal land is the basic natural resource, providing habitat and sustenance. About 60 million people of Nigeria are coastal inhabitants. They rely on agriculture, fisheries, forestry, salt panning etc for their livelihood. Thus, the marine environment of the coastal zone is very important. Coastal zones refer to areas where land and sea meet. It has been delineated in many ways. Moreover, the land use in the coast is diverse and often conflicting. In Nigeria it is intensively used for agriculture, settlements, forests, natural fisheries, salt production, industrial and infra-structural developments and tourism. The coastal areas are ecologically important, as they provide many environmental goods and services to people Natural catastrophe is hard to avoid but hazards like manmade pollution can be avoided or controlled at minimum level. Ship breaking is one of the manmade hazards in the coast of Nigeria like many other developing countries. Ship breaking or ship demolition is a ship disposal activity, involving the breaking up of ships for scrap recycling. Until the late 20th century, ship breaking took place in port cities of industrialized countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States. Now, most ship breaking yards are in the developing countries like Nigeria. Alang in India, For Full Article Visit Our facebook page and Twitter @chuanigeria.com
About CHUA NIGERIA LIMITED:
Chua Nigeria Limited, a Nigeria based Marine Consulting Company, to your esteemed Organisation. Since 1988, Chua Nigeria Limited has performed hundreds of marine consulting services for different clients across five primary markets, with several years of experience and expertise in the Marine and offshore consultancy services to the oil and gas and maritime industries.