The maritime zone of Nigeria constitutes that which has been defined in the 1982 United Nations Convention on Law of Sea, i.e. the Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone and Economic Exclusive Zone.
The coastline is a culmination of varieties of natural features and good favourable climatic conditions that make life and living feasible. This was the situation prior to the present developmental activities that started some decades ago. The coastline stretched to approximately nine hundred kilometers. One of the most important parts of this coastline is the Niger delta region. It is basically a place where the economic life-wire of the nation lies. Crude oil prospecting, exploration and exploitation, shipping, ports as well as fishing and boating are the main significant activities taking place there which consequently pose a potential threat to the well-being of the environment in the surrounding area. The marine environment is seriously polluted because of human activities. From statistics of the amount of ballast water of vessels, including oil at all the seaports, was 4,578 tons with 2561 tons being waste oil. Furthermore, the amount of sewage deriving from fossil coal mining areas along the coast was about 25 -30 million m3 annually with a high amount of acidity. The solid waste from this process was estimated at about 150 million m3 each year. Incidents at sea are also a cause of the pollution of the marine environment, especially oil spills.
Environmental pollution is a challenge in most developed societies of the world; contemporary societies of Africa and Nigeria also grapple with and or/tackle this menace in recent times. The implementation of environmental policies and strategies in Nigeria is currently fraught with certain challenges, cutting across socio-economic, scientific and cultural frontiers. Some of such key challenges include: According research, overlap of Authorities and responsibilities between ministries and a lack of resources within key agencies has serious implications for environmental management on the ground, including enforcement”. Conflicts in Federal/States/Local Government relations and Conflicts in Environmental-Line Ministries/Agencies relations: e.g. DPR vs NIMASA vs NPA, NIMASA vs NOSDRA. The first aspect of this challenge deals with line of authority and delineation of designated responsibilities. FOR MORE INFO PLEASE CHECK OUR LINKEDIN/FACEBOOK/TWITTER ACCOUNT.
About CHUA NIGERIA LIMITED:
Chua Nigeria Limited, a Nigeria based Marine Consulting Company, to your esteemed Organisation. Since 1988, Chua Nigeria Limited has performed hundreds of marine consulting services for different clients across five primary markets, with several years of experience and expertise in the Marine and offshore consultancy services to the oil and gas and maritime industries.